Climate Change Fighter Plant

Climate Change

Climate change refers to the longterm shift in global climate patterns, increasing average global temperatures. It is caused by the increased emissions of greenhouse gases, primarily from burning fossil fuels, that trap heat in the atmosphere and cause global warming. Climate change is having a wide range of impacts on the environment, including extreme weather events, sea level rise, ocean acidification, and changes in ecosystems. Human activities are the main cause of climate change, and reducing emissions is essential to prevent further warming and associated impacts.

About Fighter Plant

Duckweed / Water Lentil

Family: Lemnaceae Order: Alismatales

Duckweed is a type of aquatic plant that is found in ponds, lakes, and slowmoving streams. It grows in dense mats on the water‘s surface and is composed of tiny, green, floating leaves. Duckweed is a fastgrowing plant, and in some locations, it is considered an invasive species. Its rapid growth is beneficial, however, as it helps to improve water quality by absorbing nutrients, producing oxygen, and providing habitat for aquatic creatures.

Duckweed (Lemna minor)

Climate Fighting Properties

Duckweed is a fast-growing aquatic plant that help fight climate change in the following ways:
  1. First, it can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and use it to grow, storing the carbon and reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in the air.
  2. Duckweed can also be used to reduce water pollution and nutrient runoff from agricultural land, thus helping to protect local water sources.
  3. Additionally, duckweed can be used to create a floating wetland system to help filter and clean runoff water, which can help reduce flooding and improve biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems.
  4. Finally, duckweed can be used to create a rich habitat for wildlife, providing food and shelter for many species.

Transgenic Duckweed as Bio-fuel Crop

World's first high-yield oil-producing Duckweed with just 3 Genes

Engineering of Lemna japonica for the synthesis and accumulation of TAG in its fronds:
1. Estradiol-inducible cyan fluorescent protein-Arabidopsis WRINKLED1 fusion proteinCFP-AtWRI1 
2. Strong constitute expression of mouse diacylglycerol:acyl-CoA acyltransferase2 –
3. Sesame Oleosin Variant – SiOLE(*) 

Transgenic Duckweed goes well beyond biofuels as it has the potential as carbon silk., despite its small structure, it absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide during photosynthesis – Prefect for Carbon capture and Soil Enrichment Strategies., along with producing 350 gallons of oil / acre / year (seven times greater than soybean, similar to oil palm). 

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